Many people struggle when they have to take tough decisions. Force-Field Analysis is a decision-making technique which helps you to make the decisions for your complex problems. The principle of Force-Field Analysis was developed by Kurt Lewin. This analysis technique comes under change management system. It analyzes the forces for and against a change, and it helps you communicate the reasoning behind your decision.
Before proposing the change we divide the force into two categories:
- Driving Force
- Restraining Force
Driving Forces are basically a positive force for the change.
Restraining Forces are the obstacle to the change.
Steps for decision-making in Force-Field Analysis:
- Defining the issue
- Describe the current situation
- Defining the change objective
- Describe the desired situation
- Identify where the current situation will go if no action is taken
- Identifying the Driving Forces toward the desired situation
- Identifying the Restraining Forces toward the desired situation
- Discuss and interrogate all of the forces:
- Are they valid?
- Can they be changed?
- Which are the critical ones?
- Allocate a score to each of the Forces using a numerical scale e.g.
1 = extremely weak
10 = extremely strong
- Chart the forces by listing (to strength scale) the driving
- Forces on the left and restraining forces on the right. (See above image)
- Determine whether change is viable and progress can occur
- Discuss how the change can be affected by decreasing the strength of the restraining forces or by increasing the strength of driving forces.
- Increase the driving forces or decrease the restraining forces may increase or decrease other forces or even create new forces
Above process will have you to take the decision on the valid grounds.